Editors. "France and Belgium vie for domination in Congo". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18816, accessed 21 April 2015.]
The French government, alarmed at Henry Morton Stanley's advance in Congo on behalf of Leopold II of Belgium, sends explorer Pierre de Brazza to negotiate with native chiefs on the north side of the river.
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