Editors. "France and Belgium vie for domination in Congo". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18816, accessed 19 December 2013.]
The French government, alarmed at Henry Morton Stanley's advance in Congo on behalf of Leopold II of Belgium, sends explorer Pierre de Brazza to negotiate with native chiefs on the north side of the river.