Editors. "Leon Gambetta forms ministry in France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18843, accessed 09 December 2013.]
After French prime minister Jules Ferry is forced to resign following attacks on his policy in Tunisia, he is succeeded by Leon Gambetta, but his ministry only lasts until the following January.