Editors. "Congo State is established under Leopold II of Belgium". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18903, accessed 02 September 2014.]
The Congo Free State is established as a personal possession of King Leopold II of Belgium, enabling him to exploit the extraction of rubber and minerals like copper from the region.
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