Editors. "Congo State is established under Leopold II of Belgium". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18903, accessed 20 December 2013.]
The Congo Free State is established as a personal possession of King Leopold II of Belgium, enabling him to exploit the extraction of rubber and minerals like copper from the region.