Editors. "Boulanger is retired from the French army". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18991, accessed 21 May 2013.]
General Georges Boulanger is forced to retire from the French army after having declared himself a monarchist and met with representatives of the outlawed claimants to the throne. Now the popular reactionary becomes eligible for election to the Chamber of Deputies, and he is voted in almost immediately.