Editors. "Arab rising in German East Africa". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18998, accessed 20 April 2014.]
An Arab rising of coastal slave traders breaks out in German East Africa (modern-day Tanzania). It requires the military intervention of German administrator Hermann von Wissman throughout the rest of the year to quash the rebellion.