Robert Bruce rebels against England (126 words)

Historical Context Note

  • Editors


Robert I of Scotland, the great-grandson (four times removed) of David I, claimed the Scottish throne in the wake of the death of William Wallace in 1305, in defiance of English king Edward I's asserted rule over the country. After defeating and killing his political rival, John Comyn, in Dumfries in 1306, he was crowned King of Scotland at Scone, near Perth, in a ritual of full solemnity.

Robert spent the first decade of his reign in fighting off the military resistance of Edward I's English army. He was defeated at the Battle of Methven in June 1306, and forced to flee. For years he used what would now be seen as guerrilla tactics to erode the English strongholds, finally gaining decisive victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1…

Editors. "Robert Bruce rebels against England". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012
[, accessed 27 October 2016.]