The Battle of Bannockburn was Robert the Bruce's decisive victory against the English, under Edward II, that confirmed him the Scottish throne at last. Now securing his place as Robert I of Scotland, the great-grandson (four times removed) of David I had claimed the Scottish throne in the wake of the death of William Wallace in 1305, in defiance of English king Edward I's asserted rule over the country.
After defeating and killing his political rival, John Comyn, in Dumfries in 1306, he was crowned King of Scotland at Scone, near Perth, in a ritual of full solemnity. The first decade of his reign, however, was spent in fighting off the military resistance of Edward I's English army. This campaign finally came to an end with …
Editors. "Battle of Bannockburn". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1977, accessed 20 January 2017.]