A literary movement in the nineteenth century of those who believed in “art for art's sake” in opposition to the utilitarian doctrine that everything must be morally or practically useful. Key figures of the aesthetic movement were Walter Pater and Oscar Wilde.
Editors. "Aestheticism". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2001
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=20, accessed 09 December 2013.]