Spain signs a nine years' truce with Holland, which implies the virtual independence of the seven United Provinces; the truce is guaranteed by the Emperor Rudolf II and by Henry IV of France.
Editors. "Truce between Spain and United Provinces concluded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 January 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=2096, accessed 12 December 2013.]