In 1630, Charles I of England had brought an end to the state of war that had existed between England and Spain for the past five years. In the Treaty of Madrid England effectively admitted defeat in this conflict, agreeing to refrain in future from supporting the Protestant allies in the Thirty Years' War. The following year, the two countries further reinforced their amicable relations by signing a naval treaty in joint opposition to Dutch sea-power.
Anglo-Spanish naval treaty (75 words)
Historical Context Note
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