Charles still needed money to pay for his war against the Scots, so he recalled Parliament. Parliament only acquiesced when Charles gave assent to an Act that stated Parliament should meet once every five years. They also demanded the execution of Thomas Wentworth (Earl of Strafford). Oliver Cromwell was elected to Parliament for a second term.
Editors. "Long Parliament summoned in England". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=2202, accessed 24 May 2013.]