In the summer of 1644, both the Parliamentarian-Scottish allegiance and the Royalists were involved in a struggle for control over York, England's second city and previously Charles I's northern stronghold. Prince Rupert of the Rhine, King Charles' nephew, led his army on a march towards York from the north in order to relieve the city from its Parliamentarian besiegers. On 1st July, Rupert reached York with an army of more than 17 000, and successfully secured the city for the King. The following day, however, his forces met the Parliamentarian army in battle west of York, at Marston Moor. This was the largest confrontation at any point in the British civil wars, and was eventually lost by the Royalists, due in part to failures of …
York surrenders to Parliament (190 words)
Historical Context Note
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