On 30 April 1975, the Thieu government surrendered Saigon to North Vietnam. The American personnel in Saigon left the country in a frantic and desperate fashion. On 2 July 1976, north and south was formally united as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Hanoi was named the official capital. And Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. A number of years earlier, the United States had removed its troops from the theatre of war. Indeed, by 29 March 1973, the last American troops left Vietnam. The U.S. Congress, for its part, forbade any further military action in Vietnam after 15 September 1973. In March of 1975, the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) grew increasingly bold, believing that victory was imminent. Gerald Ford, Nixon’s successor, was …
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Richert, Lucas Paul. "War in Vietnam ends - Saigon surrenders to the Vietcong". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 October 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=3612, accessed 29 May 2017.]