This series of battles ended the Swedish Empire, and prefigured Russia’s dominant position in Baltic Sea and its rise as a major player in European politics. The war began in 1700 as a coordinated attack on Sweden by a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway, and Saxony (also the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1701 to 1706 and from 1709, and Prussia and Hanover from 1715), and ended in 1721 with the Treaty of Nystad and the Stockholm treaties.
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Editors. "The Great Northern War". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4172, accessed 23 May 2017.]