Tithes had been abolished and church lands confiscated by the National Assembly, so by this Constitution the state accepted responsibility for the clergy's wages, but also made bishops and priests subject to election by the people. The subjection of the church to the state was resisted by many who became nonjurors and suffered severe penalties. The status of the church was resolved by the Concordat of 1801.
Editors. "Civil Constitution of the Clergy in France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 January 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4238, accessed 07 March 2014.]