The coup is a response to military reverses in Italy and Syria and expels moderates from the Directory, replacing them with Jacobins. One of the new directors, Emmanuel Sieyès, starts planning for a military dictatorship.
Editors. "Coup d’etat of 30 Prairal in Paris". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 02 December 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4313, accessed 20 September 2014.]