These Clubs were founded to support parliamentary reform; they aimed to achieve male suffrage, a secret ballot, annual elections and fairly distributed electorates.
Editors. "Hampden Clubs founded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4526, accessed 27 April 2015.]