The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was named for the suburb of Mexico City where it was signed on 2 February 1848 by a rump Mexican government and Nicholas Trist, Chief Clerk at the State Department under President Polk. The treaty ended the Mexican-American war of 1846-1848, nominally fought to secure the Annexation of Texas, but the Treaty also conveyed to the United States all the territory of present-day California, Nevada and Utah, as well as much of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, in all about 525,000 square miles or 1.36m square kilometres, about 55% of Mexico's pre-war territory . The United States paid Mexico $15m for this land, and assumed $3.25m in debts owed by Mexico to U.S. citizens, a considerable discount on the $4…
Editors. "Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo - USA gains Texas and California from Mexico". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 May 2008; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4906, accessed 26 April 2015.]