Founded in New York at the instigation of John O’Mahony, an Irish intellectual who had taken part in the Young Ireland insurrection in 1848 and then been forced to flee Ireland. The Fenians became an important source of funding for those struggling for Irish independence.
Editors. "Irish Republican Brotherhood (Fenians) founded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=5005, accessed 20 April 2014.]