Robert II of Scotland came to the throne in 1371 at the age of 55, after his uncle, David II, died without leaving any heirs. During his reign Scotland was never involved in open warfare against England, although he permitted his nobles to engage in low-level campaigns against the English enclaves within Scottish territory. When the Hundred Years' War between England and France was halted by a truce in 1384, however, Robert agreed that Scotland would participate in the agreement as well. However, in the same year his rule was overthrown in a coup led by his eldest son, John (who later became Robert III), and in 1388 John was superseded again by his younger brother, Robert, Earl of Fife. By his death in 1390, therefore, Robert II had …
Editors. "Reign of King Robert II". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2012; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=652, accessed 28 April 2015.]