Metropolitan Police founded

(160 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

  • The Literary Encyclopedia. Volume : .

In the eighteenth-century, despite increasing urbanisation, the English were remarkably reluctant to establish a police force, seeing the institution as associated with repression and expense. Parliament represented the landed classes, and they dealt with rural crime by draconian measures (see the Black Acts) which awarded death or transportation for modest acts of theft. In rapidly expanding London Henry and John Fielding's establishment of the Bow Street Runners was a rare exception to the general practice of catching cirminals by means of a “hue and cry”, or by a complainant lodging charges with a magistrate or judge.

It was Sir John Peel who …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Citation:
Editors. "Metropolitan Police founded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 12 December 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=724, accessed 01 September 2015.]