Penitentiary Act; Panopticon (262 words)

Historical Context Note

Context

image
Jermey Bentham, Samuel Bentham and Willey Reveley, Penitentiary Panopticon 1791.

This act, drafted by the noted prison reformer John Howard and the famous jurist Sir William Blackstone, substituted a period of incarceration for many crimes which had previously carried the penalty of death or transportation. It was motivated by the belief that solitary confinement, hard servile labour, and a life governed by petty systematic rules and religious instruction, would act both as an effective deterrent to potential criminals and as a way of reforming those who had actually erred. The act …

Citation:
Clark, Robert. "Penitentiary Act; Panopticon". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 28 October 2000
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=841, accessed 27 April 2017.]

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here.