Penitentiary Act; Panopticon

(280 words)

Historical Context Note


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Jermey Bentham, Samuel Bentham and Willey Reveley, Penitentiary Panopticon 1791.

This act, drafted by the noted prison reformer John Howard and the famous jurist Sir William Blackstone, substituted a period of incarceration for many crimes which had previously carried the penalty of death or transportation. It was motivated by the belief that solitary confinement, hard servile labour, and a life governed by petty systematic rules and …
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Citation:
Clark, Robert. "Penitentiary Act; Panopticon". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 28 October 2000
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=841, accessed 05 February 2016.]