Bank of England founded

(555 words)

Historical Context Essay

In the early 1690s the Scottish projector William Paterson fronted several syndicates interested in establishing a public bank in England, in imitation of similar successful ventures in Italy and the Netherlands. After a few failed attempts, he and his merchant backers eventually proved successful. In early May 1694 parliament passed a statute appointing a new tax on ship tonnage expected to raise £140,000 per year. £100,000 of this was earmarked to pay interest (at 8% per annum) on a new £1.2 million loan to the government. The loan would go to cover about ¼ of that year’s expenditures upon the Nine Years War (1689-97) with France. It was to be raised by subscriptions from private citizens, with a ceiling of £20,000 …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Kleer, Richard. "Bank of England founded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 October 2003
[, accessed 28 August 2016.]