Karl Marx: Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei [Manifesto of the Communist Party]

(2576 words)
  • Stewart Crehan (Manchester Metropolitan University)

A Spectre is haunting Europe – the spectre of communism…
The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.
Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended in a revolutionary transformation of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.

No other nineteenth-century text has been translated, discussed and quoted more often, or has had more influence globally, than <…

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Crehan, Stewart. "Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2006; last revised 24 August 2007.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=3748, accessed 30 September 2016.]