In 1847 the journal Sovremennik [The Contemporary] was taken over by more radically inclined editors, who turned to Turgenev for a contribution. He responded with the short sketch “Khor' and Kalinych”. This was the beginning of the collection later known as Zapiski okhotnika [A Sportsman's Sketches, or Sketches from a Hunter's Album], twenty-one of which were published in The Contemporary between 1847 and 1851. In January of 1847 Turgenev went abroad for three and a half years, so that almost all the sketches were written outside Russia, and like Gogol, who in Dead Souls viewed serf-owning Russia from his “beautiful distance”, Turgenev saw this as an advantage: “Inevitably it w…
Peace, Richard. "Zapiski okhotnika". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 06 December 2004; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=11246, accessed 25 April 2015.]