Heinrich Böll: Billard um halbzehn [Billiards at Half-past Nine]

(2340 words)
  • Hannelore G. Mundt

Inspired by reports of the execution of four young communists in Cologne in 1933, Heinrich Böll wrote his first internationally renowned novel Billard um halbzehn [Billiards at Half-past Nine, 1959]. 1959 marked the tenth anniversary of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), and heralded the German people’s renewed confidence in the future: under the helm of conservative chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Germay had become a member of the European Economic Union and of NATO, and the Wirtschaftswunder (economic miracle) brought prosperity and political stability to the nation that had recently regained its former international recognition. The decade also …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Mundt, Hannelore G.. "Billard um halbzehn". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 February 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=11632, accessed 01 December 2015.]