Novalis: Die Christenheit oder Europa. [Christianity or Europe] (1784 words)

  • Catherine Grimm (University of Miami )

Written between October and early November 1799, Die Christenheit oder Europa [Christendom or Europe] is Friedrich von Hardenberg’s only prose essay. With a glorifying description of the European Middle Ages as a time of unity and the practice of Christian ideals, Hardenberg calls for the restoration of a strong and cohesive Christendom that will invigorate the present inhabitants of Europe after a period of political (French Revolution) and religious (the disintegration of papal authority) turmoil and decline. Hardenberg first recited the essay to fellow Romantics – Friedrich and August Wilhelm Schlegel, Dorothea Veit, Caroline Schlegel, Ludwig Tieck and Friedrich Schelling – on 13 or 14 …

Grimm, Catherine. "Die Christenheit oder Europa. ". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 12 March 2007
[, accessed 22 October 2016.]