Heiner Müller: Germania 3 Gespenster am Toten Man [Germania 3 Ghosts at The Dead Man] (1980 words)

  • Gerhard P. Knapp (University of Utah)
  • John Milfull (University of New South Wales )

The two plays Heiner Müller published under the title Germania Tod in Berlin  [Germania Death in Berlin, written 1956/1971, published 1977] and Germania 3 Gespenster am toten Mann [Germania 3 Ghosts at The Dead Man, written 1990/1995, published 1996] are like two gigantic Gothic bookends marking the beginning and end of his work.  The origins of the first Germania date back to 1951 and the first sketches for Die Schlacht; the text of Germania Tod in Berlin was substantially complete by 1971, but …

Knapp, Gerhard P., John Milfull. "Germania 3 Gespenster am Toten Man". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 March 2006
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=15598, accessed 26 October 2016.]