Ingeborg Bachmann’s novel Malina, published in 1971, belongs to the most significant –if also the most cryptic – works of Austrian literature in the twentieth century. Prefaced by a list and short description of five characters, as well as the time designation of “today” and the place designation of “Vienna”, the text starts out more reminiscent of a play than a novel. By presenting her figures as a cast of characters, Bachmann hints at the “acting” that is often required in order to conform to socially determined, gender-specific roles. This implicit critique is reinforced by the namelessness of the female narrator, who is only designated as “Ich” (…
Marston William, Jennifer. "Malina". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 December 2006; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=16581, accessed 25 April 2015.]