Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (CT) closes with a short prose text popularly known as Chaucer's Retraction (Ret). The Retraction is the second part of Fragment X (I), comprising twelve prose lines framed by the opening rubric, “Heere taketh the makere of this book his leve”, and the closing rubric, “Heere is ended the book of the tales of Caunterbury, compiled by Geffrey Chaucer, of whos soule Jhesu Crist have mercy. Amen.” The date is most likely later than 1387 but cannot be confirmed. Scholars have debated the authorship, authenticity, and meaning of the Retraction; earlier scholarship views it as Chaucer's deathbed confession, whereas more recent examinations vis-à-vis …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Obermeier, Anita. "Retraction". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 12 August 2008
[, accessed 29 September 2016.]