The highly successful play Draussen vor der Tür [Outside the Door] by Wolfgang Borchert, first broadcast as a radio play (13 February 1947), subsequently premiered on stage (21 November 1947), and published in the same year, was one of the first literary works in post-World War II Germany to address the situation of the defeated country: its privation, losses, and burden of guilt. It is associated with the slogans Trümmerliteratur (literature of the ruins) and zero hour. The latter term refers to the postulate that the nation and its culture had to make a fresh beginning after the devastation of the war and the oppression and genocide of …
Saur, Pamela S.. "Draussen vor der Tür". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 13 April 2007; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=21634, accessed 26 April 2015.]