In the ten-year period between the publication of Don Camillo e il suo gregge [Don Camillo and His Flock] (1953) and Il compagno don Camillo [Comrade Don Camillo] (1963), Giovannino Guareschi endured incredible personal and professional setbacks. From 1954 to 1955 he spent fourteen months in prison for allegedly having libeled former Prime Minister De Gasperi. In 1957 he relinquished his editorship of Candido, the newspaper he helped to found after World War II, citing the toll of stress upon him. He continued to contribute articles, but four years later, in 1961, he completely renounced any further collaboration with his weekly in order to protest several Don Camillo films …
Perry, Alan. "Il compagno Don Camillo". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 January 2013; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=32043, accessed 25 April 2015.]