Shortly after the death of his daughter in February 45 BCE, Cicero gave himself over completely to his project of recasting Greek philosophy in the Latin language. After rapidly completing his Consolatio, in part to convince himself of the futility of extreme grief, he composed an exhortation to philosophy, the Hortensius. Continuing his project in the Academica, Cicero sought to explain his lifelong devotion to the methodology that had come to be practiced in Plato’s Academy, and its underlying epistemology (ND 1.11, Tusc. 2.4, Div. 2.1, Off. 2.8). The central philosophical issue is whether wisdom is compatible with holding mere opinions. The Stoics argued that since we are capable of a…

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Thorsrud, Harald. "Academica". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 11 June 2013
[, accessed 29 June 2016.]