Jonathan Swift’s ironical essay “A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of poor People in Ireland, from being a Burden to their Parents or Country; and for making them beneficial to the Publick”, commonly shortened to “A Modest Proposal”, was printed anonymously in late October 1729. It is the most original of the several tracts that Swift wrote in the 1720s, when he was Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin, to draw attention to the plight of Ireland, the country of his birth. Repressive laws, heavy taxation, and absentee landlordism had for decades crippled the Irish economy. The situation worsened in the late 1720s, when successive harvest failures caused widespread famine and increased …
Fachard, Alexandre. "A Modest Proposal". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 02 January 2014; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=7048, accessed 19 April 2015.]