John Milton was born in Bread Street, London, on 9 December 1608. His mother, Sarah, was the daughter of a merchant-tailor; his father, also named John Milton, was a scrivener and moneylender, and an amateur composer of music. They had one older child, Milton's sister Anne.

Milton's early life was financially comfortable. He was taught at home by various tutors, including Thomas Young, then studied at St Paul's School under Alexander Gill, then in February 1625 was admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge where his tutor was the erudite William Chappell. The sixteen-year old Milton entered the wider world as the foundations of government trembled: in 1625 King James died and was succeeded by his son Charles I who then married a …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Raymond, Joad. "John Milton". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 March 2001
[, accessed 26 September 2016.]

Articles on Milton's works

  1. An Apology against a Pamphlet against Smectymnus
  2. An Apology Against a Pamphlet Call'd A Modest Confutation
  3. Animadversions upon the Remonstrants Defence, Against Smectymnuus
  4. Anti-prelatical tracts
  5. Areopagitica
  6. Comus: A Masque Presented at Ludlow Castle
  7. De Doctrina Christiana [On Christian Doctrine]
  8. Lycidas
  9. Of Prelatical Episcopacy
  10. Of Reformation in England and the Causes that Hithero Have Hindered it
  11. Paradise Lost
  12. Paradise Regained
  13. Samson Agonistes
  14. The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce
  15. The Reason of Church-Government Urg'd Against Prelaty

Related Groups

  1. Religious Reform, Protestants, Dissenters
  2. The Sonnet Tradition