Aimé Césaire

(3542 words)

Aimé Césaire, poet, playwright, essayist, teacher and politician, and unarguably Martinique’s most prominent citizen until his death in April 2008, is famous for his surrealist poetry, representing a harsh anti-colonial stance, and the symbolic return to his African roots as manifested in his writings of the 1930s and 1940s. His allegorical plays are concerned with colonialism’s legacy, as represented, for example, through the case of Haiti, whilst his essays examined topics such as slavery and its abolition, well before such public and political discourse became the norm in France. His repeated condemnation of French colonialism, however, did not prevent him from having a long-lasting political career, which …

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Jahn, Jennifer. "Aimé Césaire". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 25 March 2008; last revised 18 April 2008.
[, accessed 06 July 2015.]

Articles on Césaire's works

  1. Cahier d'un retour au pays natal [Notebook of a Return to My Native Land]
  2. Discours sur le colonialisme [Discourse on Colonialism]
  3. Une saison au Congo [A Season in the Congo]

Related Groups

  1. Francophone Caribbean Literature