Ayala, Luis. “Willy Brandt—In Celebration of the Centenary of His Birth”. Socialist International, 18 December 2013.
This article provides excerpts of Michael Frayn’s comments in a Washington, DC symposium held two weeks before the New York premiere of Democracy.
Gussow, Mel. “Michael Frayn, Playwright of Unexpected Subjects, Finds Drama in German Politics”. New York Times, 20 April 2004.
Lahr, John. “Me and My Shadow: Michael Frayn on the Betrayal of Willy Brandt”. The New Yorker, 29 September 2003.
This article provides a brief overview of the development of Brandt’s signature policy.
Willy Brandt is elected as the new Chancellor of Germany. This is where Frayn's play begins.
A brief survey describing people's comments about Brandt twenty years after his death in 1992.
Brandt's visit to Warsaw in 1970, along with a powerful description of the Warsaw Ghetto and German response to the Chancellor's Warsaw Genuflection.
An overview of Guillaume's infiltration into Brandt's inner circle and his influence and effects.
Moments of History: Brandt's Visit to the Warsaw Ghetto
The Warsaw Genuflection
On December 7, 1970, the occasion of signing the Warsaw Treaty, Brandt visited the monument for the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest Jewish ghetto in German-occupied Europe during WW II. It was also the site of a violent revolt in the spring of 1943. known as the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. To the amazement of onlookers, Brandt abruptly bowed his head and knelt, a gesture widely seen as a gesture of humility and repentance.