Founding Editors

Dr Robert Clark (UEA)
Professor Emory Elliott (UC Riverside, 2000-2007)*
Professor Janet Todd (Cambridge, 2000-2005)*

Editorial Director

Dr Robert Clark (University of East Anglia, Norwich)

Managing Editor

Dr Cristina Sandru (

Associate Editor

Nicole Willson (

Advisory Editors

Professor Steph Newell (University of Sussex )
Professor Diana Brydon (University of Manitoba)
Professor Nick Nesbitt (University of Princeton)
Professor Ken Seigneurie (Simon Fraser University)
Professor Stefan Helgesson (Stockholm University)

Area Editors

African Literatures and Cultures

Femi Nzegwu (Centre for Cross-Cultural Studies, Dakar, 2000-2005)*
Anglophone African
Dr Helen Cousins (Newman University)
Dr Madhu Krishnan (Bristol University)
Dr John Masterson (University of Sussex)
Francophone African
Dr Charlotte Baker (University of Lancaster)
Dr Lia Brozgal (University of California, Los Angeles)
Dr Ruth Bush (University of Westminster)
Professor David Murphy (University of Stirling)
Dr Nicki Hitchcott (University of Nottingham)
Lusophone (Portuguese) African
Dr Paul Melo e Castro (University of Leeds)
Dr Duarte Drumond Braga (Universidade de São Paulo)
Dr Rogério Miguel Puga (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Brazilian Literature and Culture

Dr Paul Melo e Castro (University of Leeds)
Dr Rogério Miguel Puga (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Canadian Literature and Culture

Professor Denis Salter (McGill University, 2005-2013)*
Dr Karis Shearer (University of British Columbia, 2011-2013)*
Dr Glen Nichols (Moncton University, 2003-2007)*
Dr Wendy Roy (University of Saskatchewan, 2003-2007)*
Francophone Canadian
Dr Emir Delic (Université Sainte Anne)
Native Canadian
Dr Renate Eigenbrod (University of Manitoba, 2010-2014)*

Caribbean Literature and Culture

Anglophone Caribbean
Dr. Jak Peake (University of Essex)
Dr. Abigail Ward (The University of Nottingham)
Francophone Caribbean
Dr Maeve McCusker (Queen's University, Belfast)
Dr Sam Coombes (University of Edinburgh)
Hispanic Caribbean
Dr Cara Levey (University College Cork)

Chinese Literature and Culture

Professor Bonnie McDougall (Chinese University of Hong Kong and Edinburgh University, 2002-2010)*

Czech and Slovak Literature and Culture

Dr Charles Sabatos (Yeditepe University, Turkey)

English Literature and Culture

Professor Chris Ackerley (University of Otago)
Professor Chris Baldick (Goldsmiths, University of London)
Professor Paul Baines (University of Liverpool)
Professor Peter Childs (Newman University, Birmingham)
Dr Robert Clark (University of East Anglia, Norwich)
Dr Daniel Cook (University of Dundee)
Dr Richard Dance (University of Cambridge)
Professor Gillian Fenwick (University of Toronto)
Professor Neil Forsyth (Université de Lausanne)
Professor William Hamlin (Washington State University)
Professor Hugh Magennis (Queen's University, Belfast, 2002-2007)*
Professor Sarah Peverley (University of Liverpool)
Dr Jenni Ramone (Nottingham Trent University)
Professor Daniel Robinson (Widener University)
Professor John Roe (University of York)
Professor Pat Rogers (University of South Florida)
Dr Nicholas Seager (Keele University)
Mr Aleks Sierz (Rose Bruford College, London, 2004-2008)*
Professor Janet Todd (University of Aberdeen, 2000-2005)*
Professor Richard Utz (Western Michigan University, 2006-2009)*
Dr Caroline Webb (The University of Newcastle, Australia)

Finnish and Sami Literature and Culture

Prof. Kuisma Korhonen (University of Oulu)

French Literature and Culture

Dr Marianne Ailes (University of Bristol)
Dr Hugo Azerad (University of Cambridge)
Professor Tom Conly (Harvard University)
Dr Sam Coombes (University of Edinburgh)
Dr Edward Forman (University of Bristol)
Dr Jenny Mander (University of Cambridge)
Dr Julia Prest (University of St Andrews)
Dr Allison Stedman (University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
Dr Philip Usher (New York University)
Dr Jennifer Yee (University of Oxford)
Dr David Houston Jones (University of Exeter, 2005-2011)*
Dr Benedict O'Donohue (University of Sussex, 2012-2015)*
Professor Tim Unwin (University of Bristol, 2006-2012)*
Professor David Williams (University of Sheffield, 2002-2006)*
Professor Valerie Worth (University of Oxford, 2012-2013)*

Greek Literature and Culture (Classical and Hellenistic)

Professor Jonathan Burgess (University of Toronto, 2011-2014)*
Dr Vayos Liapis (The Open University of Cyprus, 2008-2011)*
Dr Emily Kneebone (Cambridge University)
Dr Laura Swift (The Open University)

German-language Literatures and Cultures

Professor Gerhard P. Knapp (University of Utah)
Professor Jennifer Marston William (Purdue University)
Professor Jill E. Twark (East Carolina University)

Hispanic Literatures and Cultures

Dr Ben Bollig (University of Oxford)
Dr María del Pilar Blanco (University of Oxford)
Professor Nuala Finnegan (University College Cork)
Dr Cara Levey (University College Cork)
Dr Stuart Green (University of Leeds)
Dr Carolina Orloff (Independent Researcher)
Dr Duncan Wheeler (University of Leeds)

Hungarian Literature and Culture

Dr Virginia Lewis (Northern State University)

Iranian/Persian/Farsi Literature and Culture

Dr Laetitia Nanquette (University of New South Wales)

Irish Literature in English

Professor Ian Campbell Ross (Trinity College, Dublin)
Dr Anne Markey (Trinity College, Dublin)

Italian Literature and Culture

Professor Jo Ann Cavallo (Columbia University)
Associate Editor: Carla Bregman

Japanese Literature and Culture

Dr Roy Starrs (University of Otago)

Latin Literature and Culture

Professor William J. Dominik (University of Otago, 2006-2015)*
Professor Thomas Habinek (USC Dornsife 2005-2006)*
Dr Sophia Papaioannou (The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
Dr Paul Roche (University of Sydney, 2008-2009)*
Professor Julia Wildberger (American University of Paris, 2009-2011)*

Middle Eastern Literatures and Cultures

Dr Ziad Elmarsafy (University of York, 2011-2014)*
Dr Anna Bernard (King's College, London)
Dr Anastasia Valassopoulos (Manchester University)
Dr Rita Sakr (Goldsmiths, University of London)

New Zealand and Pacific Literatures and Cultures

Dr Doreen D'Cruz (Massey University)
Dr John Ross (Massey University)
Dr Brandy Nālani McDougall (University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa)
Dr Jenny Lawn (Massey University, 2007-2014)*
Professor Mark Williams (Victoria University of Wellington, 2004-2006)*

Polish Literature and Culture

Professor Ewa Thompson (Rice University, 2009-2014)
Professor Roman Koropeckyj (University of California, Los Angeles)

Portuguese Literature and Culture

Dr Paul Melo e Castro (University of Leeds)
Dr Rogério Miguel Puga (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

Postcolonial Literatures

Dr Helen Cousins (Newman University)
Dr Priyamvada Gopal (University of Cambridge)
Dr Madhu Krishnan (Bristol University)
Dr John Masterson (University of Sussex)
Professor David Murphy (University of Stirling)
Dr Jenni Ramone (Nottingham Trent University)
Dr David Huddart (Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2010-2014)*
Professor John Thieme (University of East Anglia, 2001-2010)*

Romanian Literature and Culture

Professor Calin-Andrei Mihailescu (University of Western Ontario)

Russian and Ukrainian Literatures and Cultures

Professor Neil Cornwell (University of Bristol, 2000-2012)*
Professor Andrei Rogatchevski (University of Tromsø, Norway)
Professor Roman Koropeckyj (University of California, Los Angeles)

Scandinavian Literatures and Cultures

Professor Susan Brantly (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Dr Jakob Stougaard-Nielsen (University College London)

Scottish Literature and Culture

Dr Kate Ash-Irisarri (Manchester University)
Dr Daniel Cook (University of Dundee)
Dr Derrick McClure (University of Aberdeen, 2004-2011)*

South Asian Literatures and Cultures

Anglophone Literature of India
Professor Joel Kuortti (University of Turku)
Dr Priyamvada Gopal (University of Cambridge)
Sri Lankan Literature and Culture
D. C. Ranjan Alwis Goonetilleke (Professor Emeritus, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka)

Literatures and Cultures of South-Eastern Europe (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro; Albania and Kosovo)

Professor John Cox (North Dakota State University)

United States Literature and Culture

Dr Christopher Gair (University of Glasgow)
Dr Padraig Kirwan (Goldsmiths, University of London)
Professor Stephen Meats (Pittsburg State University)
Dr Ann Moseley (University of Texas, A& M)
Dr Scott Slawinski (Western Michigan Univesity)
Professor Emory Elliott (University of California at Riverside, 2000-2007)*
Professor Nick Selby (University of East Anglia, 2008-2010)*
African American Literature and Culture
Professor A. Yemisi Jimoh (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 2012-2013)*
Native American Literature and Culture
Dr Padraig Kirwan (Goldsmiths, University of London)
Chicano/a and Latino/a American Literature and Culture
Professor Nuala Finnegan (University College Cork)

Welsh Literature and Culture

Dr Kirsti Bohata (Swansea University)

*indicates an editor who has retired but whose work remains represented in the Encyclopedia.

The Founding Editors

A list of all the achievements of all our editors would fill a fat volume, so please excuse us offering merely the following profiles of the founding editors as a way of establishing the scholarly bona fides of the enterprise.

Robert Clark is Reader in English and American Literature at the University of East Anglia. Having first studied medicine, then made documentary films, he was trained as a Comparatist at the University of Essex and has since then been studying English, American and French literature, history and social thought since 1688. In 1989 he began to develop database applications and since then has been deepeing his understanding of how they can best be used to serve fellow students and scholars. The Literary Encyclopedia is thus unusual in that it is directed by a scholar who has usually built and tested an application before giving it to the specialists for web publication. In 1994 he began developing The Annotated Bibliography for English Studies, now published by Routledge, and he served as its Editorial Director until 2003. ABES now makes available 5m words of critical guidance to what is worth reading on English Studies, and which was judged by the MLA as one of the ‘outstanding publications of 1999’. He has edited with Thomas Healy The Arnold Anthology of British and Irish Writing in English, is the author of History and Myth in American Fiction, edited works by Austen, Fenimore Cooper and Defoe, and edited collections of essays or written essays on The Spectator, Defoe, Fielding, Austen, Dickens, Fenimore Cooper, Henry James, Angela Carter and Michael Ondaatje. He was Founding Secretary of the European Society for the Study of English (1989-1995), is an elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, a Foundation Fellow of the English Association, Chairman of the Advisory Committee for the UK Humanities Hub and has twice been an Executive member of the Council for College and University English in the UK. He has recently edited a volume of essays for Media History about The Spectator and is currently completing a social history of Jane Austen and the transformation of Britain during the French wars.
Emory Elliott (1942-2009) was one of North America’s most distinguished literary historians, an expert on Puritan writing, a notable friend of the nascent discipline of Women's Studies in the 1980s, an early champion of the writing of Toni Morrison, a consistent champion of equality of opportunity, an inspiring teacher and a tireless supporter of younger colleagues. The son of working-class parents, he was the first of his family to achieve a college education (Loyola College, Baltimore; University of Illinois) and rose to become Chair of the American Studies at Princeton, and later chair of the English Department. From 1989 he was Professor of American Literature at the University of California, Riverside, and Director of the Riverside Centre for Ideas and Society. He was nominated to the distinguished rank of University Professor by California University in 2001. He was the author of Power and the Pulpit in Puritan New England (1975), Revolutionary Writers: Literature and Authority in the New Republic (1982), American Puritan Literature, Volume One of The Cambridge History of American Literature (1993). He edited the Columbia Literary History of the United States (1988), American Literature: A Prentice Hall Anthology (1991), and the Columbia History of the American Novel (1991). He was an NEH, American Council of Learned Societies, Guggenheim and National Humanities Center Fellow, and chair of the American Studies Association. Emory Elliott helped to found The Literary Encyclopedia in 1998 and helped it through its first decade of life.

Janet Todd is an Honorary Fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge, retired president of Lucy Cavendish College, and professor emerita of the University of Aberdeen (See profile). She is a pioneering scholar of women's writing of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and a critic and biographer of international distinction. She founded the journal Women and Literature in the 1970s and co-founded Women's Writing in the 1980. She has compiled and edited two dictionaries of British and American women writers. Among other books, she is the author of In Adam's Garden: A Study of John Clare (1973), Women's Friendship in Literature (1980), Sensibility: An Introduction (1986), Feminist Literary History (1988), The Sign of Angellica (1989), Gender, Art and Death (1993), and the biographies: Secret life of Aphra Behn (1996); Mary Wollstonecraft: A Revolutionary Life (2000); Daughters of Ireland (2006); and Death and the Maidens: Fanny Wollstonecraft and the Shelley Circle (2008). She has edited the complete works of Aphra Behn and, with Marilyn Butler, The Complete Works of Mary Wollstonecraft. Most recently she has been the General Editor of the nine-volume Jane Austen edition published by Cambridge University Press, as well as the editor or co-editor of 3 of the volumes. She has also written the Cambridge Introduction to Jane Austen (2008). She is an OBE and has received awards from the NEH, American Council of Learned Societies, Guggenheim, Leverhulme Foundation, the Folger Shakespeare Library and the Huntington Library. Her most recent works are novels: a Jane Austen spinoff, Lady Susan Plays the Game, and an original novel, A Man of Genius. She has been president of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies and has served on the English panel of the Arts and Humanities Research Board.