Known by the nickname “il barbuto” [the bearded one], Rustico Filippi was an important Italian poet active in Florence during the second half of the thirteenth century. We currently possess a total of 58 sonnets attributed to him, which have been preserved in one single codex, the Vaticano Latino 3793. His surviving poetic corpus is equally divided between love poems in praise of women and comic sonnets that ridicule his fellow townspeople. Although his courtly sonnets are notable, he is mostly remembered for his sonnets of mockery due to the fact that we do not have on record a solid comic production by any author before Rustico. Hence, he is considered the forefather of the so-called jocose or comic-realistic lyric in Italy.
What we know about Rustico is documented by various
Citation: Applauso, Nicolino. "Rustico Filippi". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 23 August 2021 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=14157, accessed 09 December 2023.]