Clementina Maria Black (1853-1922), writer, political activist, trade unionist, and social reformer, was born on July 27th, 1853 in Brighton, East Sussex. She was the first daughter of eight children to David Black (1817–1892) and Clara Maria Patten (1825–1875).

While David earned his living as a solicitor, town clerk, and coroner in Brighton, Clara, daughter of George Patten (1801–1865), portrait painter in ordinary for Prince Albert (1819-1861), educated her daughters at their home on Ship Street, in the same house where Clementina was born (Graves and Morales). Black was primarily taught by her mother, but she also had some instruction from her brothers, including mathematician Arthur Black (1851–1893). This education included geography and mathematics, and left her with a full

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Citation: Dunleavy, Matthew. "Clementina Black". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 20 March 2020 [, accessed 26 May 2024.]

14427 Clementina Black 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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