After the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947, Dhaka had to start almost from scratch. The city had no art institution, no art gallery, no film studio or theatre hall; it had no literary journal worthy of mention, or regular publication of creative works. All this, however, changed as education and urbanism spread and the language movement of 1948-52 inspired people to fight for their rights, including that of cultural self-expression. By the late fifties, Dhaka had a thriving art scene, a nascent film industry, and was witnessing the inauguration of perhaps the most formative phase of its modernist literary tradition.
The 1960s began on a restless but positive note. A politically and culturally active middle class, driven by the idealism of democratic pluralism, secularism,
Citation: Islam, Syed Manzoorul. "Abdul Mannan Syed". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 29 September 2021 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=14785, accessed 08 December 2023.]