Beccaria was born into the lesser aristocracy of Milan and educated in a repressive Jesuit academy which he detested. He then studied law at the University of Pavia, graduating in 1758. He became friends with Count Pietro Verri, with whom he set up a literary society which became a meeting point for Enlightenment intellectuals. In 1764 he published his widely-influential Dei delitti e delle pene [Of Crimes and Punishments] in which he advocated the abolition of torture, the death penalty and secret trials, and advocated penalties proportionate to the crime which would reform the individual and prepare them to resume a normal social life. His work was particularly taken up by the philosophes in France, …
We have have no profile for this entry. If you are a qualified scholar and you wish to write for The Literary Encyclopedia, please click here to contact us.
Editors. "Cesare Beccaria". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 15 September 2002
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=320, accessed 18 October 2017.]