Rudyard Kipling was born in 1865 in Bombay, in the same year as W. B. Yeats but at the opposite end of the British Empire. His father, Lockwood Kipling, was an artist employed in the new art school in Bombay; he later became principal of the art school in Lahore where he was also curator of the Lahore Museum (which features in the opening chapter of


), and did much to foster Indian arts and crafts. Alice Kipling, Rudyard's mother, was one of a spirited and attractive family with connections in the world of the arts and public life. Two of her sisters married the artists Edward Burne-Jones and Edward Poynter, while a third was to become the mother of the politician Stanley Baldwin.

A sister Alice (Trix) was born in 1868. Kipling was to remember his early childhood in Bombay as

2568 words

Citation: Kerr, Douglas. "Rudyard Kipling". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 May 2002 [, accessed 19 April 2024.]

4913 Rudyard Kipling 1 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here

Leave Feedback

The Literary Encyclopedia is a living community of scholars. We welcome comments which will help us improve.