Charles II calls parliament but soon prorogues it over the Exclusion Bill (74 words)

Historical Context Note

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Context

Charles II's fourth Parliament meets, but is immediately prorogued over the Exclusion Bill, and does not meet again for a year. After this, Shaftesbury is dismissed, William Temple, Essex and Halifax resign and this group is replaced by the 'Chits', or 'Tory' ministry of Godolphin, Hyde and Sunderland. This marks the first use of the terms Tory and Whig to describe the two parties, a labelling which was to persist until the mid-nineteenth century.

Citation:
Editors. "Charles II calls parliament but soon prorogues it over the Exclusion Bill". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16683, accessed 22 February 2019.]

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