Lexicon Messanense / Orus’ Orthography

Literary/ Cultural Context Essay

Dimitrios Papanikolaou (University of Democritus)
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The Lexicon Messanense (also known under the name of Orus’ Orthography), is a medieval-era orthographical lexicon whose segments are preserved today in one manuscript, namely cod. Messanensis S. Salv. 118 (14th century) deposited at the University Library of Messina, Italy.

The text of the Lexicon Messanense, published by Rabe [1892; 1895], reveals the remains of a Greek orthographical lexicon, which mostly discusses the presence of iota subscript (iota anekphōnēton) in the orthography of a number of ancient Greek words. The Lexicon is severely mutilated, with many leaves missing; its surviving part preserves entries from the end of letter M to the beginnings of letter Pi and from the end of Phi to the middle of letter omega of the lexicon (see description in Reitzenstein 1897: 289).

1069 words

Citation: Papanikolaou, Dimitrios. "Lexicon Messanense / Orus’ Orthography". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 22 February 2019 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=19558, accessed 13 June 2024.]

19558 Lexicon Messanense / Orus’ Orthography 2 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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