The Battle of Lansdowne was part of the campaign by King Charles I's Royalist army to push eastwards from Cornwall and Devon, over which they had secured full control. In an attempt to halt their eastward advance, Sir William Waller's Parliamentarian army gathered at Bath. The two forces met on Lansdowne Hill, outside the city, on 5th July. The battle was a victory for the Royalists, in the sense that they forced Waller's forces to retreat, but it was soured by the fact that their commander, Sir Ralph Hopton, was badly injured and temporarily blinded.
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