USSR forms the Warsaw Pact with East European Communist states

(221 words)
  • Pawel Styrna

Historical Context Note

Officially known as the Agreement for Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance (in Russian: Dogovor o druzhbe, sotrudnichestve i vzaimnoi pomoshchi), the pact was a communist military alliance dominated by the Soviet Union. Its other members were Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania (until the 1960s). A Soviet marshal was always the head of the Pact’s United Armed Forces. According to communist propaganda, it was a defensive response to “imperialist aggression”, i.e. to the establishment of NATO in 1949 and West Germany’s entry into the alliance in May 1955. However, the armed forces of the Central and Eastern European satellites of the USSR were de facto …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Styrna, Pawel. "USSR forms the Warsaw Pact with East European Communist states". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 June 2009
[, accessed 13 October 2015.]

Related Groups

  1. Communism and Dissent in Central and Eastern Europe