The major European conflicts of the late-seventeenth and eighteenth century were colonial as much as they were dynastic. Although ostensibly triggered by European affairs, the Nine Years’ War (1689-97), the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14) and the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-8) were mirrored by imperial conflicts outside of Europe. In these wars, Britain challenged the colonial supremacy of France and Spain in India, Africa, the Caribbean and the Americas. It was the struggle between colonists on the Atlantic coast of North America that was eventually determined by the French and Indian War, which prefigured and paralleled the struggle in Europe called the Seven Years’ War (1756-63).
Sometimes, the four Anglo-F…
Citation: Seager, Nicholas. "French and Indian Wars: Anglo-French Conflict in North America". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 August 2004 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=446, accessed 24 September 2023.]