Hudson's Bay Company (575 words)

Historical Context Essay

  • Marion Spies (Bergische Universität-GHS Wuppertal)
Download PDF Save to Bookshelf Share on Facebook Tweet Report an Error


Two French coureurs de bois managed to interest English merchants in the opportunities of Hudson's Bay, the inland sea in North America. On May 2, 1670, the English therefore established the Company of Adventurers Trading into Hudson's Bay (HBC). With his charter of the same year, King Charles II granted the company the largest empire any private company has ever controlled. The founding charter granted the company control over all lands draining into Hudson's Bay, a very large area called Rupert's Land, which included much of the western prairie and northern subarctic regions. In the northwestern reaches of North America, English rule from then on was sustained by the HBC.

Compared with the French, the HBC's traders …

We have have no profile for this entry. If you are a qualified scholar and you wish to write for The Literary Encyclopedia, please click here to contact us.

Spies, Marion. "Hudson's Bay Company". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 April 2004
[, accessed 22 November 2017.]

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here.