(2169 words)
  • Roy Elveton (Carleton College )

Literary/ Cultural Context Essay

Phenomenology, a major tradition in twentieth-century philosophy, originated in the work of Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) and grew rapidly in importance. Early phenomenological circles were located at the universities of Göttingen, Munich and Freiburg. The work of Martin Heidegger, Max Scheler, Karl Jaspers, Eugen Fink, and Ludwig Landgrebe all expressed important agreement with many, if not all, of the central themes of Husserl’s thought. In France, Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Emmanuel Levinas extended the reach of the phenomenological movement to an increasingly international scale. After Husserl’s death in 1938, Martin Farber, Dorion Cairns and Herbert Spiegelberg, Husserl’s North American students, …

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Elveton, Roy. "Phenomenology". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 25 January 2005
[, accessed 01 October 2016.]